What is 3D Printing and How it works ?

The hospital is overcrowded with COVID19 patients and global supply of personal protective equipment (PPE) and medical devices dwindles, the world turned to technology to address the shortage. In fact, many medical institutions have turned to 3D printing to provide employees with much-needed protective equipment and spare parts to repair fans.Large companies, startups and even high school students with 3D printers turned to the board of directors and responded to the call. 

Because of 3D printing, millions of PPE and ventilation parts have been shipped to hospitals on the front lines of this deadly battle, and that’s just the beginning of what 3D printing is capable of. What are 3D printers? In short, 3D printers use computer-aided design (CAD) to create 3D objects from various materials, such as molten plastic or powder.No, these are not magic boxes in science fiction shows.Similar to traditional 2D inkjet printers, printers use layering techniques to create the objects you want. 

You work from scratch, stacking layer by layer until the object looks exactly as it imagined.These printers are very flexible in terms of what you can print.You can use plastic to print on hard materials such as sunglasses.You can also use a hybrid rubber / plastic powder to make flexible objects such as cell phone cases or bike handles. Some 3D printers can even print with carbon fiber and metal powders for extremely strong industrial products.

Why are 3D printers important to the future?

As mentioned above, 3D printers are very flexible. Not only the materials they use, but also the things they can print. In addition, they are very accurate and fast, which makes them a promising tool for future production. Today, many 3D printers are used for so-called rapid prototyping. Companies around the world are now using 3D printers to create their prototypes in hours instead of wasting months and potentially millions of dollars on research and development. 

In fact, some companies claim that 3D printers make the prototyping process ten times faster and five times cheaper than regular RandD processes. 3D printers can play a role in virtually any industry. They’re not just used for prototyping. Many 3D printers are used to print finished products. In healthcare, 3D printers are used to make parts to fix broken fans for the COVID19 outbreak.The construction industry uses this futuristic printing process to print entire houses. Schools around the world are using 3D printers to bring hands-on learning to the classroom by printing three-dimensional dinosaur bones and robot parts. It’s an instant change for any industry.

 How Do 3D Printers Work? 

3D printing belongs to the additive manufacturing family and uses methods similar to a traditional inkjet printer, but in 3D.Creating 3D objects from scratch requires a combination of world-class software, powder materials, and sophisticated tools. 3D Modeling Software The first step in any 3D printing process is 3D modeling.

For maximum accuracy (also because 3D printers cannot magically guess what to print), all objects must be designed in a 3D modeling program. Some designs are too complicated and detailed for traditional manufacturing methods. This is where this CAD software comes in. 

Modeling enables printers to customize their product down to the smallest detail. The ability of 3D modeling software to enable precise designs is the reason why 3D printing is considered a real game changer in many industries, and this modeling software is especially important in an industry like dentistry, where laboratories use three-dimensional software, to design racks that fit the individual exactly, and also for the aerospace industry, where they use software to design some of the most complex parts of a rocket.

Cut out a model Once a model is created, it’s time to “cut” it.Because 3D printers cannot conceptualize the concept of three dimensions like humans do, engineers need to cut the model into layers so that the printer can create the final product. The cutting software scans each layer of a model and tells the printer how to do it. move to recreate this layer. Cutters also tell 3D printers where to “fill in” a model. 

This fill gives the 3D printed object internal grids and pillars that help shape and reinforce the object. Once the model is cut, it is sent to the 3D printer for the actual printing process. The 3D Printing Process, When the modeling and cutting of a 3D object is done, it’s time for the 3D printer to finally take over. The printer generally behaves like a traditional inkjet printer in direct 3D printing, where a nozzle moves back and forth as it pours out a layer of wax or a plastic-like polymer, layer by layer, waiting for the layer to dry and then adding the next Level. Basically, you overlay hundreds or thousands of 2D prints together to create a 3D object. There are many different materials that a printer uses to reproduce an object in the best possible way.

 Here are some examples: 

Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene : (ABS) A plastic that is easy to mold and not easy to break. external.Carbon fiber filaments Carbon fiber is used to manufacture items that require high strength but are extremely light. Conductive Filaments: These printable materials are still in the experimental stage and can be used to wirelessly print electrical circuits.This is a useful material for portable devices.

Flexible filaments : Flexible filaments can create flexible and durable prints.These materials can be used to print anything from watches to mobile phone cases.

Metal wire : The metal wire is composed of finely ground metal and polymer glue. They are available in steel, brass, bronze and copper materials to convey the true appearance of metal objects.

Wood wool : these filaments contain finely ground wood powder mixed with polymer glue.They are obviously used for printing on wooden objects and can appear brighter or darker depending on the temperature of the printer. The 3D printing process takes from a few hours for really simple prints, like a box or ball, to weeks for much larger detailed projects, like a large house. Depending on the size, detail and scope of a project, there are also different types of 3D printing.Each type of printer has slightly different ways of printing objects. 

Fused Deposition Modeling : (FDM) is probably the most widely used form of 3D It is incredibly useful for making prototypes and models using plastic stereolithography (SLA) technology is a type of rapid prototyping that is best for printing Printing in detail is suitable The printer uses an ultraviolet laser to create the objects in a few Digital Light Processing (DLP) is one of the oldest forms of 3D DLP uses a lamp to print faster than SLA printing because the layer dries in a few seconds.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *